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Sore or Swollen Gums

woman having a toothache

Sore or swollen gums can have several causes. It is important to call our office as soon as possible to determine what treatment will be necessary. The cause of sore or swollen gums may or may not be related to a dental problem.

Dental Causes can be related to:

  • Injured gum or tooth
  • Gum abscess caused by gingivitis
  • Gum abscess caused by periodontitis
  • Food impaction (trapped) between the teeth or under the gum edge
  • Abscessed tooth
  • Infected wisdom tooth
  • Ill-fitting partial or denture
  • Orthodontic braces

Non-Dental causes can be related to:

  • Virus infection known as a Canker sore
  • Hot food burn
  • Medication allergy (new medication)
  • Tooth brushing or flossing injury
  • Use of chewing tobacco
  • Hormonal changes in women
  • Thrush (fungus or yeast infection)
  • Oral cancer

Self Care Tips

Common mouth sores most often go heal on their own within 10 to 14 days. If swelling persists or gets worse, do not hesitate to call our office at 760-291-8454.

Some or all of the following steps may help you feel better:

  • Avoid hot beverages and foods, spicy and salty foods, and citrus.
  • Gargle with warm salt water or cool water.
  • Eat or suck on crushed ice.
  • Take pain relievers like acetaminophen or ibuprofen if you do not have any allergies to these medications For canker sores you can apply a thin paste of baking soda and water to the areaUse a soft toothbrush on the affected area. If this is too painful, then gently use a Q-tip to gently clean around the area Apply a thin paste of baking soda and water to the sore
  • Mix 1 part hydrogen peroxide with 1 part water and apply this mixture to the sores using a cotton swab
  • Apply an over-the-counter oral medication to the affected area with a clean Q-tip such as Campho-Phenique, Blistex, or Orabase. Please note that dental pain caused by a tooth will not likely subside or get better on its own. Call our office as soon as possible.

Schedule an Appointment

Call now to schedule an appointment 760-291-8454.